Migration flows have declined among irregular migrants
According to Frontex, 68,700 migrants irregularly entered Europe in the first eight months of 2019, a decrease of 26%.
The number of irregular migrants crossing the Western Mediterranean by sea for the period January-August amounts to more than 14,800 and has dropped by half compared to the same period last year, according to the statement.
Migrants from sub-Saharan Africa accounted for the largest number of migrants detected on this route during the first eight months of 2019.
In an analysis published on the Moroccan news website “Libération”, an Alarm Phone activist justifies this trend by the externalization of European countries borders.
“Agadez-Niger, now has nearly 45,000 candidates for migration who have been prevented from continuing their journey, according to IOM. Indeed, the mobility of these candidates for migration has been greatly reduced. For example, 17 checkpoints have been installed on the road connecting Agadez and Niamey,” said Hassan Ammari.
According to the same source, the ban on lifeboats continuing to rescue people in the Mediterranean may also explain this decline in migration flows through irregular routes.
However, this activist argues that strengthening of border controls has simply forced migrants to take other routes. “This is the case of migrants from Cameroon who are now passing through Turkey. This is also the case of Malian and Senegalese migrants who are taking the route of Eritrea, Somalia or Yemen, whereas this route is mainly used by migrants from East Africa, ” he said.
Photo caption: Crowded refugee boat on Lake Tanganyika